The Situational Leadership Model developed by Paul Hersey and Ken Blanchard has two components:
The premise is that effective leaders know how to adapt the appropriate style to the maturity or readiness of a person or group being led.
Those who master these concepts realize a high degree of success.
Since leader style is described in more detail here, we will delve deeper into understanding Readiness or Maturity Levels.
According to Hersey and Blanchard, there are four (4) maturity levels:
Maturity or readiness has two parts: ability and motivation.
Ability includes the skills and understanding to complete the task at hand.
Motivation relates to the incentive to accomplish the task and the willingness to assume responsibility.
The follower with a Maturity Level 1 is described as unable and insecure.
This person is low in skill and will. They do not understand the task to be completed nor are they confident they can complete the task.
If we think hard enough, we can remember a time when we were at this level of maturity in a specific situation.
The person rated as M1 has low ability and low motivation. The appropriate leader style is S1: Telling.
The follower with this level of maturing is willing but unable to take full responsibility without help from the leader.
The person with these attributes remind me of the Story of The Little Engine That Thought It Could. This person repeats him/herself: "I think I can, I think I can!"
A follower with readiness level 3 is very capable but low in confidence.
You may have worked with someone like this. They are talented but do not realize it. They cut themselves short, thinking they can't when in reality they have the skills to do the job and do it well.
The leader should use a supporting style with this follower, one that is low task but high relationship.
The person with this maturity level is high in ability and high in motivation. The are up for the challenge and ready to accept full responsibility for success.
When this is the case, the leader delegates the task and stays engaged to monitor progress.
It is very important to determine task-specific readiness.
Becoming too dependent on a preferred style will prove detrimental for the leader and the follower. Style must align with follower readiness.
To see how the situational leadership model works, please read more.